Sumbadze, Longinoz

ლონგინოზ სუმბაძე

04.27.1908 Vardisubani, Georgia

10.15.1984. Tbilisi

Architect, scientist, teacher

Longinoz Sumbadze graduated from the Faculty of Architecture of the Tbilisi Engineering and Construction Institute in 1932. In 1932-1940 he worked as an architect in “SakKomunProekti” and was an assistant at the Faculty of Architecture of the Georgian Industrial Institute; 1938-1940 he thought at the Faculty of Architecture of the Tbilisi State Academy of Arts. In 1940-1942 he was Postgraduate student of the Academy of Architecture in Moscow.

During World War II, in 1942-1944, Sumbadze was first a brigadier and then a chief of staff at the Georgian ARP (air raid precautions) Headquarters. In 1944-1945 he worked as a chief architect at the Rustavi Metallurgical Plant. After the war, in 1945-1946, he returned to Moscow as a graduate student and from 1946 to 1948 he worked as a researcher at the Institute of History and Theory of the Academy of Architecture. After returning to Tbilisi in 1948 Longinoz Sumbadze started working as the chief architect of the “SakSakhProekti“, later as the head of an architectural studio until 1963. At the same time, in 1948, he returned to teaching at the Faculty of Architecture of the Tbilisi Academy of Arts, where he was a senior teacher, associate professor from 1956, and from 1971 to 1984 professor and a head of the Department of Architecture Fundamentals. In 1951 Longinoz Sumbadze received his Ph.D. (Thesis: “Colchian dwelling according to Vitruvius”). Between 1964 and 1972 he was the chief architect of the “SaqQalaqMshenProekti”.

Longinoz Sumbadze was Honored Architect of Georgia (1969). He won following prizes in architectural competitions: Hotels for regional centers on 15-20 places, I-II prize (date unknown); Museum of Art in Tbilisi, II Prize (1939); Monument to the Defenders of the Caucasus, II Prize (1947); Residential Homes for District Centers, I Prize (1948).

Photos: Longinoz Sumbadze personal archive, National library of Georgia

Major projects

– Residential houses, Chkhorotsku 1930s

– Residential houses, Poti 1930s

– General plan of Batumi 1935 (Longinoz Sumbadze, Bezhan Lortkipanidze)

– General plan of the city of Gori 1938,1950,1968 (Longinoz Sumbadze, Bezhan Lortkipanidze)

Residential series N 209, 1946 (Engineer: Irakli Japaridze)

– Cotton factory settlement, Gori 1950s

– City cultivated with N 209 series, Victoria, Romania, 1949 (Engineer: Irakli Japaridze)

– Residential houses, Stalin Ave., Gori 1952

– Bridge over the river. On the Mtkvari, Gori 1952

– Residential house, Paliashvili st. 43, Tbilisi 1953

– Residential house, Tamar Mepe Ave. 7, Tbilisi (former Cheluskineli St.) 1952

– Residential house, Tamar Mepe Ave. 11, Tbilisi (former Cheluskineli St.) 1953

– Residential house, Tsabadze St., Tbilisi 1955

– House Barnov st. 57, Tbilisi 1956

– Residential house, Komkavisi st., Tbilisi 1956

– Residential house, 10 Tsereteli Ave., Tbilisi 1959

– Rustavi General Plan, Detailed Planning Project, Right Bank 1968 (Group of Authors)

– Training building of the Academy of Arts (Longinoz Sumbadze, Valerian Kedia, Mikheil Chkhikvadze, Engineer: Davit Kajaia) 1966

– House of Culture, Settlement of Cotton Factory, Gori 1975 (Longinoz Sumbadze, B. Sumbadze)

– II residential district, Rustavi. The year is unknown. (Longinoz Sumbadze, Z. Khurtsilava)

– Cultivation of III, V and IX micro-districts, Rustavi. The year is unknown.

– Open Air Museum, Tbilisi, General Plan 1978

– Scientific-research institute “Hydrotechnics”, reconstruction of the administrative building, Kostava st. 72 (former Lenin St.), Tbilisi. The year is unknown.

– Garage of the Georgian Central Committee, Chorokhi st. 6, Tbilisi. The year is unknown.

Publications

– Gori. Architecture Sketch. Kolkhidskoje Publishing House of Architecture and Urban Planning. M. 1950. (rus)

– “Colchis dwelling on Vitruvius”. Akademii Nauk GSSR. 1960. (rus)

– „Georgian Darbazi “. Zaria Vastoka. 1960. (rus)

– „Variant ornament. ” Journal „Codna” 1963. (geo)

– „Georgian Architectural Folklore”, magazine „Dzeglis Megobari“, 1964 2., P. 6-10. (geo)

– „About the General Plan of the Georgian Folk Architecture and Living Park-Museum “, magazine „Dzeglis Megobari“, 7,. 1966.

– „Georgian cellar architecture“, magazine „Dzeglis Megobari“, 1968 16, გვ. 35-47.

– „Museum of Georgian Folk Architecture and Life”. magazine „Dzeglis Megobari“ 1978.

– The architecture of the Georgian folk dwelling Darbazi. Mecniereba. Tbilisi 1984. (geo)

– „Georgian wood architecture“. Khelovneba, Tbilisi 1985. (geo)

– „Georgian architecture“. Khelovneba, Tbilisi 1985. (geo)

– Typology of the Georgian folk dwelling, 2009. (rus)

– Georgian folk architecture, Khevi 2018. (geo)

Literature/Links

Kintsurashvili, Simon. Sumbadze Longinoz, Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia, vol. 9, 1985 (geo)

Beridze, Vakhtang. Memories. Tbilisi, 1978 (geo)

Natidze, Tamaz. In memory of Longinoz Sumbadze, Tselitsdeuli, 2. 1996 (geo)

I. Eliszbarashvili, M. Suramelashvili, Ts. Chachkhunashvili, Kh. Churgulia. Architectural restoration in Georgia, Tbilisi, 2012. ISBN978-9941-0-4207-2