Kavlashvili, Shota

შოთა ყავლაშვილი

* 28.01.1926 Tbilisi, Georgia

† 1995 Tbilisi

Architect

Shota Kavlashvili was born in 1926 in Tbilisi. In 1948 he graduated from the Department of Architecture at the Polytechnic Institute of Georgia. In 1950 he started to work as an architect in “Tbilqalaqproeqti“, becoming in 1951 lead architect of the projects and until 1994 he was leader of the 4th architectural studio of Tbilkalakproekti. In 1957-1970 he taught at the Department of Architecture of the Polytechnic Institute of Georgia.

Kavlashvili was a member of the construction-architectural council of the Council of Ministers of the Georgian SSR since 1967; The chief architect of Tbilisi Metro Administration in 1968-1970; In 1970-1974 he was Chief Architect of Tbilisi and as the Head of the Main Architectural-Planning Administration; In 1972-1974 he was a member of the Presidium of the Chamber of Commerce of the Georgian SSR and an artist of the Chamber.

Shota Kavlashvili was elected as a Deputy of Tbilisi State Council and a member of its Executive Council in 1980. He was appointed as Tbilisi’s Chief Architect again in 1980 as well as the Head of the Main Architectural-Planning Administration. From 1982 to 1985 was a deputy chairman of “Sakhmsheni” of Georgian SSR.

After the Independence of Georgia, Kavlashvili moved to Poti, where in 1994 he was assigned as a City Major and the Chief Architect of the city. Shota Kavlashvili died in 1995 in Tbilisi.

Awards: Honored Architect of Georgia (1927), Laureate of the USSR State Prize (1987), in 1981 he was Laureate of Shota Rustaveli State Prize (The Baratashvili Bridge) and an owner of multiple diplomas and deeds from of USSR Union of Architects. Awarded the Certificate of Odessa Culture Administration (1969), The Diplomas and Gold Medals of the Georgian Chamber of Commerce (1970-1983), The Order of the Red Flag of Labor (1971), Honorable Deed of “Sakhmsheni” (1974), The Honorable Deed of Supreme Council of Georgia (1974), The Gold Medal of Exhibition Center of People’s Agriculture and Farming Achievements (1985). Kavlashvili was an Honorable Citizen of Tbilisi (1985) and An Academic at the International Academy of Architecture of Eastern Countries (1987).

Photos: Davit Morbedadze personal Archive, Teimuraz Kandelaki personal Archive, The national Parlamentary Library of Georgia

Main Projects

– Kindergarten on Barnovi Street, Tbilisi 1953 (Shota Kavlashvili, Givi Melkadze)

– Residential House on Tchavtchavadze Avenue, Tbilisi 1952 (Shota Kavlashvili, Givi Melkadze)

– Development of Saburtalo Residential district, Tbilisi 1956 (Shota Kavlashvili, Alexandre Bakradze, D. Grdzelidze, Ilo Kavlashvili)

– The reconstruction of Karl Marx Bridge (Nowadays The Chughureti Bridge), Tbilisi 1954 (Shota Kavlashvili, Givi Melkadze, civil engineer: G. Kartsivadze)

– Residential House on riverside embankment, Tbilisi 1962 (Shota Kavlashvili, Givi Melkadze, civil engineer: Leo Kharashvili)

– The Wedding House, Tbilisi 1965 (Shota Kavlashvili, Ramaz Kiknadze, Sculptors Giorgi and Irakli Ochiauri)

– The Baratashvili Bridge, Tbilisi 1965 (Shota Kavlashvili, Vladimer Kurtishvili. Civil engineer: G. Kartsivadze)

– The Swimming Complex on Rike, Tbilisi, 1965 (Shota Kavlashvili, Ramaz Kiknadze, Vladimer Kurtishvili) unrealised

– Series of 9-floor building block projects, 1969 (Shota Kavlashvili, S. Katsitadze, civil engineer: Rodames Ghudushauri)

– “Sakpuri” Residential house of the State Bread Backery, Chavchavadze ave. Tbilisi, 1970 (Shota Kavlashvili, Ramaz Kiknadze. Civil engineer: Rodames Ghudushauri)

Tbilisi Central Bus Station, Tbilisi 1970 (Shota Kavlashvili, Ramaz Kiknadze, Vladimer Kurtishvili. Civil engineer: Rodames Ghudushauri. Artist: Zurab Tsereteli)

– Residential development and an administrative centre of Ortachala district, Tbilisi 1970 (Shota Kavlashvili, M. Gugunava, Ramaz Kiknadze, G.Metreveli) unrealised

– The Exhibition Pavilion of Georgia in Paris, 1970 (Shota Kavlashvili, Ramaz Kiknadze, G.Metreveli, Merab Gugunava)

– Administrative Building of “Soplsamteknika” in Ortatchala, Tbilisi 1973 (Shota Kavlashvili, A. Mikiashvili)

– A tunnel and tier under Metekhi rock, Tbilisi, 1975 (Shota Kavlashvili, Ramaz Kiknadze, Valeri Bakhtadze)

– Administrative Building near Isani Metro Station, Tbilisi 1975 (Shota Kavlashvili, A. Mikiashvili)

– The reconstruction of “Gogilo” sulfur baths, Tbilisi 1977 (Shota Kavlashvili, G. Abuladze)

– A 16-floor residential building block on Saakdze square and Dolidze steet, Tbilisi 1977 (Shota Kavlashvili, A. Katsitadze)

The Aquatic Sports Complex (nowadays: “Laguna Vere”), Tbilisi 1978 (Shota Kavlashvili, Ramaz Kiknadze, Guram Abuladze, civil engineer: Rodames Ghudushauri. Aartist Nikoloz Ignatov)

– Tbilisi Museum of Ethnography and History on Rike, Tbilisi, 1978 (Shota Kavlashvili, Avtandil Sumbulashvili) unrealised

– Museum of Archeology in Dighomi, Tbilisi, 1979 (Shota Kavlashvili, Shota Gvantsaladze, sculptor: Tengiz Kikalishvili)

– The Reconstruction – regeneration of Kibalchich Rise development (nowadays: Elene Akhvlediani rise), Tbilisi, 1980 (The architectural group of the Fourth Architectural Office)

– The Reconstruction – regeneration of Baratashvili Street, Tbilisi 1981 (The architectural group of the Fourth Architectural Office)

– “Berikoni” Restaurant, Tbilisi 1986 (Shota Kavlashvili, Shota Gvantseladze)

– Didi Dighomi (Greater Dighomi) plan, Tbilisi 1984 (Shota Kavlashvili, B.Maminashvili, Givi Shavdia, M. Bolkvadze and N.Iremashvili)

– A Complex of administrative buildings on Dzneladze Street, Tbilisi 1984 (Shota Kavlashvili, A. Sumbulashvili and V. Rtskhiladze) unrealised

– Development of Vakhushti Bagrationi street, Tbilisi 1987 (Shota Kavlashvili, S. Katsitadze, A. Kereselidze, I. Kandareli and I. Mikhailov) unrealised

– Competition Project of Cathedral Church of Holy Trinity, Tbilisi 1989 (Shota Kavlashvili, Viktor Djorbenadze)

– Hotel “Sheraton” Metekhi-Palace, Tbilisi 1991 (Shota Kavlashvili, Sh. Gvantseladze, I.Chakman, Vladimer Kurtishvili)

Literature/Links

Janberidze, George: Shota Kavlashvili. Grandmasters of Georgian Architechture. Tbilisi 2016. ISBN-978-9941-0-8946-6