Kavlashvili, Shota

შოთა ყავლაშვილი

* 28.01.1926 Tbilisi, Georgia

† 1995 Tbilisi

Architect

Shota Kavlashvili graduated from the Department of Architecture at the Polytechnic Institute of Georgia in 1948. He started to work as an architect in “Tbilqalaqproeqti” in 1950. In 1951 he became lead architect of the project. 1964 to 1994 he was leader of the 4th architectural studio of Tbilkalakproekti. In 1957-1970 he taught at the Department of Architecture of the Polytechnic Institute of Georgia.

Kavlashvili was a member of the construction-architectural council of the Council of Ministers of the Georgian SSR since 1967; The chief architect of Tbilisi Metro Administration in 1968-1970. In 1970-1974 he was Chief architect of Tbilisi and the head of the main architectural-planning administration; In 1972-1974 he was a member of the presidium of the Chamber of Commerce of the Georgian SSR and an artist of the chamber.

Shota Kavlashvili was elected as a deputy of Tbilisi State Council and as a member of its executive council in 1980. He was appointed as Tbilisi’s Chief architect again in 1980 as well as the head of the Main architectural-planning administration. From 1982 to 1985 he was a deputy chairman of “Sakhmsheni” of Georgian SSR.

After the Independence of Georgia, Kavlashvili moved to Poti, where in 1994 he was assigned as a City Deputy Mayor and the Chief Architect of the city.

Shota Kavlashvili was a Honored Architect of Georgia (1972). He received Shota Rustaveli State Prize for the Baratashvili bridge (1981); the USSR State Prize (1987) and multiple diplomas and deeds from of USSR Union of Architects. He was awarded the certificate of Odessa Culture Administration (1969); The diplomas and gold medals of the Georgian Chamber of Commerce (1970-1983); The Order of the Red Flag of Labor (1971); Honorable Deeds of “Sakhmsheni” and of Supreme Council of Georgia (1974); The Gold Medal of Exhibition Center of Achievements of National Economy (1985). Kavlashvili was an Honorable Citizen of Tbilisi (1985) and a member of the Eastern Countries International Academy of Architecture (1987).

Photos: Davit Morbedadze personal Archive, Teimuraz Kandelaki personal Archive, The national Parlamentary Library of Georgia

Main Projects

– Kindergarten on Barnovi Street, Tbilisi 1953 (Shota Kavlashvili, Givi Melkadze)

– Residential House on Tchavtchavadze Avenue, Tbilisi 1953 (Shota Kavlashvili, Givi Melkadze)

– Masterplan of Saburtalo Residential district, Tbilisi 1956 (Shota Kavlashvili, Alexandre Bakradze, Davit Grdzelidze, Ilo Kavlashvili)

– The reconstruction of Karl Marx Bridge (Nowadays The Chughureti Bridge), Tbilisi 1954 (Shota Kavlashvili, Givi Melkadze. Bridge engineer: Giorgi Kartsivadze)

– Residential House on riverside embankment, Tbilisi 1962 (Shota Kavlashvili, Givi Melkadze. Civil engineer: Leo Kharashvili)

– The Wedding House, Tbilisi 1965 (Shota Kavlashvili, Ramaz Kiknadze. Sculptors: Giorgi Ochiauri, Irakli Ochiauri)

– The Baratashvili Bridge, Tbilisi 1965 (Shota Kavlashvili, Vladimer Kurtishvili. bridge engineer: Giorgi Kartsivadze)

– The Swimming Complex on Rike, Tbilisi, 1965 (Shota Kavlashvili, Ramaz Kiknadze, Vladimer Kurtishvili) unrealised

– Series of 9-floor building block projects, 1969 (Shota Kavlashvili, Solomon Katsitadze. Civil engineer: Rodames Ghudushauri)

– “Sakpuri” Residential house of the State Bread Backery, Chavchavadze ave. Tbilisi, 1970 (Shota Kavlashvili, Ramaz Kiknadze. Civil engineer: Rodames Ghudushauri)

Central Bus Station, Tbilisi 1970 (Shota Kavlashvili, Ramaz Kiknadze, Vladimer Kurtishvili. Civil engineer: Rodames Ghudushauri. Artist: Zurab Tsereteli)

– Residential development and an administrative centre of Ortachala district, Tbilisi 1970 (Shota Kavlashvili, Merab Gugunava, Ramaz Kiknadze, Givi Metreveli) unrealised

– The Exhibition Pavilion of Georgia, Paris 1970 (Shota Kavlashvili, Ramaz Kiknadze, Givi Metreveli, Merab Gugunava)

– Administrative Building of “Soplsamteknika” in Ortatchala, Tbilisi 1973 (Shota Kavlashvili, Anzor Mikiashvili)

– A tunnel and tier under Metekhi rock, Tbilisi 1975 (Shota Kavlashvili, Ramaz Kiknadze, Valeri Bakhtadze)

– Administrative Building near Isani Metro Station, Tbilisi 1975 (Shota Kavlashvili, Anzor Mikiashvili)

– The reconstruction of “Gogilo” sulfur baths, Tbilisi 1977 (Shota Kavlashvili, G. Abuladze)

– A 16-floor residential building block on Saakdze square and Dolidze steet, Tbilisi 1977 (Shota Kavlashvili, Solomon Katsitadze)

The Aquatic Sports Complex (nowadays: “Laguna Vere”), Tbilisi 1978 (Shota Kavlashvili, Ramaz Kiknadze, Guram Abuladze. Civil engineer: Rodames Ghudushauri. Aartist Nikoloz Ignatov)

– Tbilisi Museum of Ethnography and History on Rike, Tbilisi 1978 (Shota Kavlashvili, Avtandil Sumbulashvili) unrealised

– Museum of Archeology in Dighomi, Tbilisi 1979 (Shota Kavlashvili, Shota Gvantsaladze. Sculptor: Tengiz Kikalishvili)

– The Reconstruction – regeneration of Kibalchich Rise development (nowadays: Elene Akhvlediani rise), Tbilisi 1980 (The architectural group of the Fourth Architectural Office)

– The Reconstruction – regeneration of Baratashvili Street, Tbilisi 1981 (The architectural group of the Fourth Architectural Office)

– “Berikoni” Restaurant, Tbilisi 1986 (Shota Kavlashvili, Shota Gvantseladze)

– Didi Dighomi (Greater Dighomi) plan, Tbilisi 1984 (Shota Kavlashvili, Bidzina Maminaishvili, Givi Shavdia, Merab Bolkvadze, Nodar Iremashvili)

– A Complex of administrative buildings on Dzneladze Street, Tbilisi 1984 (Shota Kavlashvili, Avtandil Sumbulashvili, V. Rtskhiladze) unrealised

– Development of Vakhushti Bagrationi street, Tbilisi 1987 (Shota Kavlashvili, Solomon Katsitadze, Akaki Kereselidze, I. Kandareli, I. Mikhailov) unrealised

– Competition Project of Cathedral Church of Holy Trinity, Tbilisi 1989 (Shota Kavlashvili, Viktor Jorbenadze)

– Hotel “Sheraton Grand Metekhi-Palace”, Tbilisi 1991 (Shota Kavlashvili, Shota Gvantseladze, Engin Chakman, Vladimer Kurtishvili)

Literature/Links

Janberidze, George: Shota Kavlashvili. Grandmasters of Georgian Architecture. Tbilisi 2016. ISBN-978-9941-0-8946-6